Challenges of Food Security in Nigeria

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A farmer displays collected wheat grains in Houla, South Lebanon August 1, 2015. REUTERS/Aziz Taher

The Problem Statement

The fundamental goal of any Government is to maximize public welfare. Public welfare is maximized when the Government draws out a list of security provisions, selects those provisions which are effective in the reduction and eradication of poverty levels, making human beings healthy and fit to work in the future and on a continuous basis.

One of the major challenges of food security in Nigeria is policy inconsistencies. There are frequent changes of policies on agriculture, as one government replaces another and, on each occasion, Nigeria has always had to start afresh.

Structural imbalance of the nation and corruptions is a big problem for the food security bill and should be tackled. Another problem here is trying to identifying food-insecure areas and how every child access basic nutrition even in an emergency situation.

Food Security in Nigeria

Another challenge is making it mandatory for agencies to work in collaboration with Ministries of Finance, Disaster Management, Planning and National Security to provide the information needed to develop and strengthen the capacity to respond to food emergencies.

The Policy Solution

Countries have been enacting laws aimed at food security after the World Food Crisis in 2008. Food Security Fund was enacted in order to enhance local production of food by tackling all the problems militating against it.

International human rights laws establish that everyone has a right to adequate food. The right to adequate food and freedom from hunger is provided for in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

In the Convention in the Rights of the Child (Articles 24 and 27) Food is the most basic of human needs and is central to the discussion of human rights and social development.

The Food Security Bill aims to provide a framework that promotes the elimination and prevention of discrimination of marginalized groups in the access and distribution of food.

It also proposes the establishment of a Food Security Committee in each State of the Federation, whose functions shall include: implementing food security policy and programmes, participating in the collection, preparation and dissemination of data on food security and nutrition in the State.

It also hopes to reduce crime rate in the society, because when the issue of hunger is been tackled, the crime rate will no longer be at its peak.

Most Importantly, it aims to engage a Council that will transform the activities of rice farmers, rice processors, millers, researchers, marketers and other important stakeholders across the entire rice value chain in the country.

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NIGAC Constructive Take/Position

Providing food and ending hunger might not happen without taking appropriate sustainable measures.

Both the Government and the citizens have a pivotal role to play in ensuring that the Food Security Bill is implemented and effective in the lives of the citizenry.

Rural communities should be enlightened on measures to the right measures are used in the production, processing and storage of harvested Agricultural produce.

In all, Food is the most basic of human needs and is central to the discussion of human rights and social development.

Most of the crime rate in the society will reduce to the barest minimum if the issue of hunger is tackled.

It is also important to point out that Food Security means more than having sufficient food to meet human needs on a daily basis.

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